S.8 A dog must be given social contact with humans at least once per day.
S.9 A dog must receive enrichment to ensure their physical and psychological well-being.
G.42 A dog is a pack animal and should have
social contact with other dogs. Strong bonds can be formed between dogs and humans. When deprived of these relationships a dog can become distressed and depressed as well as develop behavioural problems such as barking, howling and digging.
contact to a dog can be provided through: • daily grooming, playing, stroking, training and talking; • group housing socially compatible dogs where possible; • allowing visual and sensory smell in housing design; • allowing a dog contact
with other dogs during exercise periods; and • introducing new experiences.
G.44 A dog should be monitored regularly for signs of abnormal behaviour (e.g. stereotypic behaviour) which indicate boredom, a lack of fitness or poor mental or physical
health and an enrichment and socialisation program developed and implemented to address the cause.
G.45 A dog with persistent abnormal behaviours should be assessed and treated by a veterinary surgeon, or suitably qualified person, with experience in
behavioural problems in dogs.
G.46 Enrichment programs should provide complexity, choice and change, and may include :
• physical enrichment – space, natural grass surfaces and furniture to encourage appropriate canine behaviours;
• occupational enrichment - objects for a dog to manipulate (e.g. toys)
• feeding enrichment - feed activities, novel food items and feeding devices to increase foraging times (e.g. hiding food to increase activity). Care should be taken
to ensure these feeds are part of the normal diet, rather than in addition, in order to decrease the likelihood of obesity;
• sensory enrichment - novel smells or noises;
• social enrichment - opportunities to interact with other dogs,
humans or other compatible animals.
• behavioural enrichment - positive reinforcement training appropriate to the age and breed of the dog should be used to facilitate physical exercise, mental stimulation and learning of cooperative behaviours;
• exercise – providing appropriate and regular opportunity to exercise. Standards S.8 A dog must be given social contact with humans at least once per day. S.9 A dog must receive enrichment to ensure their physical and psychological well-being.
9. DOG HEALTH AND VETERINARY CARE
A dog’s health is monitored and appropriate treatment is provided for disease, injury and distress. Appropriate preventative health regimes are in place and appropriate veterinary advice and
treatment is provided for a sick, injured or distressed dogs.
S.10 A dog used for breeding must receive an annual health check by a veterinary surgeon.
S.11 A dog must be inspected daily to monitor health and wellbeing and to
detect signs of disease, injury or distress; and receive appropriate treatment for any adverse signs detected.
G.47 A dog suffering from a significant infectious disease or severe injury should be isolated unless advised otherwise
by a veterinary surgeon.
G.48 When re homed, a dog should be free of illness, injury or disease or the new owner provided with treatment information and contact details of the treating veterinarysurgeon.
G.49 A dog should be kept at body condition
score 3 as shown in Appendix 2.
G.50 Signs of good health in a dog include:
• eating and drinking normally (in the case of puppies drinking milk);
• defecating and urinating normally;
• behaving normally and not showing
any obvious signs of illness or distress; and
• is able to move about freely.
G.51 Signs of illness, injury or distress in a dog for which veterinary treatment should be sought include:
• a runny nose;
• eyes which
are runny, discharging or inflamed;
• repeated sneezing, coughing or vomiting; •
severe diarrhoea (especially if bloodstained) or difficulty in defecating;
• difficulty in urinating or passing red or brown coloured urine;
• lameness, difficulty or inability to stand or walk and/or reluctance to move;
• bleeding or swelling of body parts (other than the vulva of a female on heat)
• loss of appetite and weight loss, particularly if severe or sudden;
• drinking excessive amounts of water
• apparent pain;
• fits, staggering or convulsions;
• patchy hair loss;
• bloating of the abdomen;
of external parasites;
• teeth, gum and mouth problems; and
• being able to move about freely
G.52 A bitch in the last week of pregnancy should be inspected at least every eight hours.
G.53 A dog should have an appropriate
preventative program for the control of infectious diseases and parasites.
G.54 Unexplained deaths should be investigated by a veterinary surgeon. The contact details for the veterinary surgeon should be readily available to staff.
G.55 The person
in charge should establish a relationship with a veterinary surgeon able to attend to dogs and advise on disease prevention measures.
G.56 A pregnant bitch should receive a minimum of one health check by a veterinary surgeon during the pregnancy.
G.57 A newly acquired dog or any visiting dogs should be kept separate from existing dogs in a facility for a minimum of 48 hours to minimise the spread of disease.
G.58 A puppy should be checked by a veterinary surgeon and vaccinated at six to eight
weeks, then as recommended by a veterinary surgeon, to prevent diseases that are likely to affect its health and welfare.
G.59 Worming a puppy should commence at two weeks and occur fortnightly until 12 weeks of age, then every month until six months
of age, then every three months or as recommended by a veterinary surgeon.
G.60 Only companionable dogs should be exercised together and exercise areas with more than one dog should be supervised.
G.61 Equipment used should be designed and maintained
to minimise the risk of illness or injury.
10. HOUSING, ENVIRONMENT AND SECURITY
A dog is provided with housing that provides for wellbeing, good health, safety, security and protection from the weather.
S.12 Housing must ensure the health and wellbeing of a dog.
S.13 Housed dogs must be provided with the minimum space requirements shown in Appendix 1.
G.62 A dog should be provided with a clean and dry dedicated sleeping
area. Sleeping areas should have sufficient clean, hygienic, dry and soft bedding to insulate a dog from the floor.
G.63 Housing should provide sufficient space to allow a dog to defecate and urinate away from eating and sleeping areas.
A dog should not be in extended contact with wet floors.
G.65 Housing should provide protection from rain and wind, direct sunlight, extreme temperatures or other adverse conditions.
G.66 Housing should provide sufficient ventilation to maintain
the health of the dog and minimise undue draughts, odours and moisture condensation.
G.67 Artificial ventilation devices should have a back-up system in case the ventilation device becomes inoperable.
G.68 All potential poisons and harmful substances,
whether in storage or in use, should be kept out of reach of a dog.
G.69 Only companionable dogs should be group housed.
G.70 Housing and perimeter barriers should be secure to prevent a dog from escaping.
G.71 A dog should not be permanently
housed in a vehicle, caravan, portable crate or the crawl space under any dwelling.
G.72 If by keeping a dog in the minimum space required under Appendix 1 the dog is found to be closely confined under the Act then the dog should be exercised according
to the Act.
G.73 Exercise areas should contain a grassed area and not be bare earth or entirely concrete.
G.74 A dog should not be exercised in a way that poses a risk of serious injury.
G.75 The area where a puppy is being reared should
be cleaned at least twice a day, and kept dry and free of faeces and uneaten food.
G.76 A puppy should be encouraged to urinate and defecate away from the nesting area.
G.77 Temperature should be controlled to minimise distress
to a dog. This includes ensuring warmth or the ability to keep cool, particularly for puppies and pregnant bitches.
G.78 Particular attention should be given to protect brachycephalic (short-faced) breeds against heat stress.
G.79 Housing should
be located away from sources of excessive noise or pollution that could stress or injure dogs.
G.80 Measures should be in place to protect a dog from loud or sudden noise.
G.81 Artificial lighting should mimic the prevailing natural light cycles
in duration and intensity and allow effective inspection and observation of dogs.
G.82 Housing should be fitted with a secure closing device that cannot be opened by a dog and prevent access by unauthorised persons.
G.83 The facility
should have a documented emergency evacuation procedure. The procedure should be reviewed and approved by the person in charge every two years.
G.84 Functioning fire fighting equipment should be readily available and staff trained and practised in its
11. HYGIENE AND CLEANING
Housing is appropriately cleaned to protect a dog from disease.
S.14 Housing and exercise areas must be maintained in a clean state.